Facts about some Horse in Spanish

A horse standing on top of a grass covered field

The word for horse in Spanish is Caballo. Spanish has different names for male, female, or child horses. ‘Caballo’ is the word used in Spanish for the male horse. ‘Yegua’ is used to describe a female horse. For a child horse, word use is “el potro” or “el potrillo.” All these words are used for the same horse, based on the age of the horse.

In Spanish there are four ways to describe a horse, these are:

1) Based on gender – male or female

2) Age – child or adult

3) Defects or faults – defective, good, wild, etc.

4) Based on color-white, grey, etc. 

Some examples:

1) Caballo – male horse

2) Yegua – female horse

3) Potro/Potrillo – child horse

4) Corcel – adult horse.

Caballito- small or young horse

A brown horse standing on top of a grass covered field

There are many different breeds of horses in the world today. There are almost 400 varieties of horses, all with their color and markings. Types of horses include trotter, stallion, mare, gelding, pony, etc. Types of horses include Arabian horses, Quarter Horses, Appaloosas, etc. The colors of horses include: red, black, brown, gray, etc.

Steps to say horse in Spanish are:

A male horse is called a “Caballo”

A close up of a horse

This word is pronounced as “ka-by-o” or “cabayo.” In Spanish, we pronounce “I” or “II” as “y”. The Spanish for this is “cabo”. The Spanish pronunciation then changed to “ty-o.” 

Originally, the word meant “to turn around” or “to reverse,” but with the arrival of Yacht Club Piracy in Geneva in 1879, it became known as a game of chance. A cabayo was an event where you could bet on which horse would win in a race, or who would win in ping pong, and so on.

Mare is called “Yegua”

A female horse or mare is pronounced as “yegua” or “yeg-wa” in Spanish. This is specifically used to indicate female horses above the age of three.

“Caballa” is not used to describe a mare. People who are beginners, often make this mistake. Caballa is a type of fish.

Foal is called “el potro

In spanish, a foal or a child horse is pronounced as “el potro”. It is mostly pronounced as “po-tro”. A very young horse is referred to as “el potrillo”


Spanish is a very interesting language. It has many dialects, is spoken by over 400 million people, and has more than 20 living languages on the peninsula. However, one of the most interesting things about Spanish is that it is not an ancestral language. What I mean by this is that it does not come from one single source language but was formed through mixing with other languages.

It is not much difficult to pronounce horse in spanish. Horse is pronounced hoss.

It has to do with the fact that spanish h’s are always pronounced like, hsss…so horse takes on a germanic pronunciation. So, it is Spanish – Spanish! Or you could simply say hausse, hausses or haussez! .

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