Miniature Horse is a common breed of horses. The phrase ‘mini’ in their name refers to their small size. Due to their small size, they are also called as mini horses or ponies. They are only 15-22 inches tall.
They attain almost 90% of their adult height when they become one year old. Their weight is recorded to be between 150 to 350 pounds. However, their size has a huge impact on it.
Are Miniature Horses Suitable for Families?
Miniature horses are very easy-going and calm. They are affectionate and friendly companions for adults and children too. People can use them as pets as they are very easy to handle and control due to their mini size. They can be taken for walks and outings.
Even children under 10 years of age can ride a miniature horse. Their friendly nature and calmness make them a suitable breed of horse to be used as family pets. Some people also use miniature horses to serve people who are blind or physically handicapped in any way.
5 Health Risks with Miniature Horses
Miniature horses are delicate little ones as they are the easy-going ones. They need good care like any other breed of horse to live for long. Miniature horses have some health- risks which can become serious too. Although there is nothing new in this because every horse has some or all of these health-related risks.
Limb Deformities in Miniature Horse
Miniature horses can develop deviation or deformities in their limbs. They often develop crooked legs since their birth. This can cause them difficulty in walking and discomfort while moving. However, the problem can be rectified with surgery.
Teeth Problems in Miniature Horse
Mini horses often retain their baby teeth even at adulthood. This leads to overcrowding as the baby teeth coincide with the permanent ones. This leads to problems, so it is usually required to pull out their baby teeth.
Obesity in Miniature Horse
Miniature horses are good at utilizing the minimum amount of calories. If they are fed more, they can develop obesity issues. Most of them do not need much intake of grains. So while feeding them, give only 1.5-2% hay of their body weight in a day. Lower down their grazing and make use of muzzles as much as it is required. This will save them from developing obesity problems.
Jaw deformities are usually seen in mini horses. They have an overbite or underbite problem. If they have a parrot mouth, it will lead to overheating food problems. If they have a monkey mouth, it will lead to an underbite food problem. In both cases, they need proper dental care. However, in some cases, they can face great difficulty in chewing food properly.
Miniature horses can store fat in their stomach. If they are not fed any day or they are stressed due to any health problems or pregnancy, their body will start pushing the fat into the bloodstream and to their liver to generate energy. This collection of fat in their body can create swelling of the liver, which can hamper the proper functioning of the liver. It can also stop it completely, resulting in the death of the horse.